Gija is an endangered Australian Aboriginal language spoken in the east Kimberley region of northern Western Australia. It is no longer acquired as a first language, nor spoken fluently by younger generations of Gija people. Due to widespread concern about the vitality of their language, many members of the community are actively engaged in language revitalisation efforts by language-learning materials and records of ethnobiological knowledge, oral history, and stories told through painting.
Jaru is an endangered Australian Aboriginal language spoken in the East Kimberley region of Western Australia. Intergenerational transmission of Jaru is in the process of being disrupted and children are usually socialised in the English-based creole language Kriol, which also serves as a lingua franca of the wider area. Current research aims to document and explore interactional practices of Jaru speakers in ordinary conversation.